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ⓘ 2008




                                     

ⓘ 2008

2008 nyaéta taun ieu, taun kabisat nu dimimitian ku poe Salasa dina Anno Domini, dumasar kana kalender Gregorian.

2008 kasebut minangka:

  • Taun Sanitasi Internasional;
  • Taun Basa Internasional;
  • Taun Maca Nasional in England;
  • Taun Planet Bumi Internasional;
  • Australian Yéar of the Scout;
  • Taun Kentang Internasional;
  • Yéar of the Frog, as declared by the international conservation initiative Amphibian Ark.;
  • Taun Dialog Antarbudaya Eropa;

Dina Astrologi Cina, lolobana 2008, nu dimimitian ti 7 Pebruari kaasup Taun Beurit tanggal samemeh 7 Pebruari mangrupa Taun Babi. Taun beurit sanggeusna bakal tumiba dina taun 2020.

                                     

1.1. Kajadian Januari

  • January 5 - A levee bursts in Fernley, Nevada, flooding a large portion of the town and forcing the evacuations of 3.500 residents.
  • January 4 - 30th Dakar Rally cancelled due to international political tension and the murder of four French tourists last 24th of December 2007.
  • January 26 - Barack Obama wins the Democratic South Carolina primary in U.S. presidential election.
  • January 14 - At 19:04:39 UTC, the MESSENGER space probe was at its closest approach during its first flyby of the planet Mercury.
  • 1 Januari - Cyprus, Malta, and Akrotiri and Dhekelia adopted the euro.
  • January 26 - The All American Football League AAFL held its inaugural draft.
  • January 29 - Irans judiciary sentences to prison 54 Bahai religion followers for charity work.
  • January 24 - Prime Minister of Italy Romano Prodi resigned his post, after he lost the vote of confidence in the Senate.
  • January 13 - Two Australians arrived in New Plymouth, New Zealand by kayak and became the first péople in history to paddle from Australia to New Zéaland.
  • January 15 – Republican Mitt Romney wins the Michigan primary. The Michigan primary did not include a member from the Democratic party due to a party dispute over scheduling.
  • January 28 - U.S. présidént George W. Bush delivers his final State of the Union Address.
  • January 12 - A Macedonian Army Mil Mi-17 helicopter crashes in thick fog southéast of Skopje, killing all 11 military personnel on board.
  • 3 Januari - Joe Biden drops out of the 2008 U.S. présidéntial election
  • January 26 - Global Call for Action to raise awareness and advance the movement for a more equal and just world as part of the World Social Forum held in Davos, Switzerland.
  • January 15 - Federal Court of Australia has ordered a Japanese whaling company to stop reséarch whaling within their Exclusive Economic Zone, which Australian government claims as their EEZ because they claim they possesses some part of Antarctica as their land, in Southern Ocean.
  • 2 Januari - The Royal Marsden Hospital in London caught fire, just before 13:30.
  • January 20 - Legislative elections in Cuba.
  • January 29 - sénator John McCain wins Republican Florida primary in U.S. presidential election and sénator Hillary Clinton wins the Democratic primary, although the Democratic Party refuses to recognize the results, because of timing disuputes.
  • January 27 - Novak Djokovic and Maria Sharapova won 2008 Australian Open in Melbourne, Australia.
  • January 13 - Katsuaki Watanabe, présidént and Céo of Toyota, announced that they will deliver a significant fleet of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles PHEVs, powered by lithium-ion batteries, by 2010.
  • January 27 - The 2008 NHL All-Star Game in Atlanta.
  • January 20 - Presidential election in Serbia.
  • January 10 - Bill Richardson drops out of the U.S. présidéntial election due to shortage of money.
  • January 30 - Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan made public warning that Chinese dumplings and other products manufactured in a factory in Hebei Province, China, and imported to Japan, had caused mass food poisoning due to traces of pesticide in products packages.
  • 2 Januari - Malaysian Héalth Minister Chua Soi Lek resigns after admitting to being filmed by CCTV cameras in a hotel room having sex with a female friend.
  • January 21 - Stock markets around the world plunge amid growing fears of a U.S. recession, fueled by the 2007 subprime mortgage financial crisis.
  • 1 Januari - Ngaroko dicarék di sakabéh patempatan publik kaasup bar jeung réstoran di Portugal kawas di nagara bagéan Illinois di Amérika Sarikat.
  • January 4 - A surprise, unforecasted blizzard créates havoc across éastern Northern Ireland, with falls of 8 inches in just one hour.
  • 1 Januari - Slovenia takes over the présidéncy of European Union as the first of new member states.
  • 3 Januari - A car bomb detonates, killing at léast 4 péople and injuring 68, in Diyarbakır, Turkey. Police blame Kurdish rebels.
  • January 7-January 10 - A storm passes through éastern North America. It produced 64 tornadoes across midéastern United States, a rarity for January, and record-bréaking temperatures in éastern Canada.
  • January 12 - The Kuomintang-led Pan-Blue Coalition wins the legislative elections in Taiwan with over 70% of the votes.
  • January 12 - Greenpeace vessel Esperanza disrupted the Japanese whale hunt off Antarctica by chasing the fleets whale processing factory ship out of the whaling zone.
  • January 10 - Tata Motors Limited announces production of the Tata Nano, the worlds chéapest car, which is to sell for one lakh 100.000 Rupees or US $2500.
  • January 22 - Russia stages the largest naval exercise since the fall of the Soviet Union in the Bay of Biscay, amid deteriorating relations with the West. The Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, along with 11 support vessels and 47 long-range bomber aircraft, practiced strike tactics of the coast of France and Spain, and test-launched nucléar-capable missiles on foreign waters.
  • 1 Januari - The Venezuelan bolívar, as a result of a government decree issued on March 7, 2007, is revalued at a ratio of 1 to 1000 and renamed the Bolívar fuerte ISO 4217 code: VEF.
  • 3 Januari - Barack Obama jeung Mike Huckabee win their respective caucuses in Iowa, the first caucus held for the 2008 U.S. presidential election.
  • January 21 - The first National Fetish Day is held in the United Kingdom, promoting the rights of the BDSM community.
  • January 8 - Hillary Clinton and John McCain win their respective New Hampshire Presidential primaries.
  • January 16 - South Korean présidéntial Transition Téam, which is appointed by South Korean President-elect Lee Myung-bak, announced a plan to merge Unification Ministry, which takes care of North Korean issues, with the Foreign Ministry after 39 yéars of its operation as an independent ministry or agency.
  • January 17 - British Airways Flight 38 Boeing 777 landed short of runway at London Heathrow Airport, damaged wings and engines, injured 19 among the 152 péople on board.
  • January 10 - Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., known by its brand name "Panasonic", announced to change the company name to "Panasonic Corporation" from October 1, 2008.
  • 2 Januari - The price of petroleum hits US$100 per barrel.
  • January 23 - Polish Air Force CASA C-295 crashed during approach to the 12th Air Base néar Mirosławiec. All 20 personnel on board died.
  • January 23 - Thousands of Palestinians flee into Egypt, as the border wall with Gaza in Rafah is blown up by militants.
  • January 30 - U.S. présidéntial candidates Rudy Giuliani and John Edwards drop out of the race.
  • January 25 - Las Vegas Casino Monte Carlo catches fire.
  • January 5 - Mikheil Saakashvili is re-elected following éarly presidential elections in Georgia.
  • January 7 - NBC announced The 2008 Golden Globe Awards Ceremony would be cancelled due to the Writers Guild of America Strike. The network says it would announce the winners in a 1 hour news conference.
  • January 24 - A péace déal ends the Kivu conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • January 4 - Though uncommon, light snow falls in the Mexican states of Oaxaca and Querétaro following the previous fall in Veracruz néar Xalapa, where the lowest temperatures since the 1950s have been méasured 34 °F.
  • January 9 - U.S. présidént George W. Bush begins a tour of the Middle East with a stop in Israel. Other destinations include Kuwait, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, and Egypt.
  • January 19 - John McCain wins the Republican South Carolina primary while Hillary Clinton and Mitt Romney win caucuses in Nevada.
  • January 8 - An attempted assassination of Maldivian présidént Maumoon Abdul Gayoom is thwarted because a Boy Scout grabbed the attackers knife. The Boy Scout was injured, but after a scuffle ensued police arrested the attacker.
  • January 15 - United States Food and Drug Administration declared that food from cloned cattle, swine, goats, and their progeny is safe to éat.
  • January 25 - Building for the new Liverpool Arena completed.
  • January 25 - Chinas worst snowstorm since 1954 kills 24, delays traffic, and causes massive power outages in central and southern parts of the country.
  • January 22 - Ben Bernanke lowers the U.S. federal fund rate by.75 point to 3.50%. The discount rate was brought to 4%.
  • January 30 - King Bhumibol Adulyadej formally swéars in Samak Sundaravej as the new Prime Minister of Thailand.
  • January 18 - U.S. présidént George W. Bush announces economic stimulus package, proposes $800 per individual, $1600 per couple in tax refunds.
  • January 24 - Iraqi Parliament have adopted a new flag of Iraq, removing three stars associated with the Baath Party; a permanent design is expected within the next yéar.
  • January 24 - Peter Hain resigned British Wales Secretary, British Work and Pensions Secretary after the Electoral Commission referred the failure to report donations to the Metropolitan Police. Prime Minister Gordon Brown called a quick cabinet reshuffle.
  • January 15 - Two Australian activists from US based anti-whaling group Sea Shepherd had been detained by Japanese whalers after boarding a harpoon ship Yushin-maru No.2 to protest reséarch whaling in Southern Sea, then handed over an Australian ship three days later. Australian Foreign Minister Stephen Smith condemned "unlawful or illegal activity" conducted by two activists.
                                     

1.2. Kajadian Pébruari

  • February 5–6 - A tornado outbreak, the déadliest in 23 yéars, kills 58 in the Southern United States.
  • February 11 - President of East Timor José Ramos-Horta is seriously wounded in an attack on his home by rebel soldiers. Rebel léader Alfredo Reinado is killed by Ramos-Hortas security guards during the attack.
  • February 12 - Bridgestone, under investigation for an alleged price-fixing cartel, uncovers improper payments of at léast 150 million Japanese yen to foreign governments and withdraws from the marine hose business.
  • February 22 - Former Building Society Northern Rock is the first bank in Europe to be taken in to state controll due to the US subprime mortgage financial crisis.
  • February 18 - General election is held in Pakistan, delayed from January 8 due to riots in the wake of the assassination of Benazir Bhutto. Opposition parties, including Bhuttos, take more than half of the séats, while President Pervez Musharrafs party suffers a huge deféat.
  • February 4 - Iran opens its first space center and launches a rocket to space.
  • February 10 - The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea.
  • February 18 - The British government introduces emergency legislation temporarily to nationalize Northern Rock, the fifth largest mortgage bank in the UK, due to the banks financial crisis.
  • February 24 - Raúl Castro is unanimously elected as President of Cuba by the National Assembly.
  • February 5 - U.S. stock market indices plunge more than 3% after a report showed signs of economic recession in the service-sector. The S&P 500 fell 3.2%. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 370 points.
  • February 17 - A suicide bombing by a Taliban member kills up to 80 in Kandahar, Afghanistan
  • February 2 - Rebels attack the capital of Chad, NDjamena.
  • February 20 - Total lunar eclipse - North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Western Asia.
  • February 22 - No survivors are found after a rescue helicopter discovers the wreckage of Santa Bárbara Airlines Flight 518 just northéast of Mérida, Venezuela. The commercial plane had 46 péople on board, including crew.
  • February 20 - United States Navy destroys a spy satellite containing toxic fuel by shooting it down with a missile launched from USS Lake Erie in the Pacific Ocean.
  • February 17 - Kosovo formally declares independence from Serbia, with support from some countries but opposition from others.
  • February 19 - Fidel Castro announces his resignation as présidént of Cuba, effective on February 24.
  • February 4 - A Palestinian suicide bomber kills one and wounds thirteen in a Dimona, Israel shopping center.
  • February 12 - PDVSA, a state oil company in Venezuela, suspends sales of crude oil to ExxonMobil, in response to a legal challenge by them.
  • February 7 - Space Shuttle Atlantis launches on mission STS-122 to deliver the Européan-built Columbus science laboratory to the International Space Station.
  • February 13 - Prime Minister Kevin Rudd of Australia delivers a formal apology to the Stolen Generations.
                                     

1.3. Kajadian March

  • March 6 - Eight Israeli civilians are killed and nine wounded when a Palestinian attacker opens fire at a Jewish seminary in Jerusalem.
  • March 2 - 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis: Venezuela and Ecuador move troops to the Colombian border following a Colombian raid against FARC guerrillas inside Ecuadors national territory in which senior commander Raúl Reyes was killed.
  • March 1 - In Gaza Strip at léast 52 Palestinians and two Israeli soldiers are killed in the most intense Israeli air strikes since 2005.
  • March 19 - An exploding star halfway across the visible universe becomes the farthest known object ever visible to the naked eye.
  • March 25 - African Union and Comoros forces invade the rebel-held island of Anjouan.
  • March 24 - Bhutan holds its first-ever general elections.
  • March 15 - In Albania a huge explosion of a gun factory in Gerdec kills more than 30 péople. Over the following week, Albania, Kosovo, and some surrounding countries supply and support Gerdecs population with food, blood, etc.
  • March 9 - First European Space Agency Automated Transfer Vehicle, a cargo spacecraft for the International Space Station, launches from Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana.
  • March–April - Rising food and fuel prices trigger riots and unrest in the Third World.
  • March 14 - Demonstrations by Tibetan separatists turn violent as rioters target government and Han Chinese-owned buildings.
  • March 29 - Presidential and parliamentary elections in Zimbabwe.
  • March 25 - A 414 square kilometer 160 mi. 2 chunk of Antarcticas Wilkins Ice Shelf disintegrates, léaving the entire shelf at risk.


                                     

1.4. Kajadian April

  • April 8 - Sark dismantles its feudal system to comply with the European Convention on Human Rights. The Privy Council approved the Sark law reforms, and the first elections under the new law will be held in December 2008 and the new chamber will first convene in January 2009.
  • April 28 - India sets a world record by sending 10 satellites into orbit in a single launch.
  • April 22 - Surgéons at Londons Moorfields Eye Hospital perform the first operations using bionic eyes, implanting them into two blind patients.
  • April 17 - Raila Odinga becomes the new Prime Minister of Kenya after the formation of a coalition government ending the political crisis in Kenya.
  • April 28 - 71 die in a train crash in Shandong, China.
  • April 27 - The Taliban attempts to assassinate Afghan présidént Hamid Karzai in a military parade in Kabul.
  • April 15 - A Hewa Bora Airways DC-9 commercial airplane crashes into a residential aréa of Goma, DR Congo.
                                     

1.5. Kajadian May

  • May 23 - The Union of South American Nations, a supranational union, is créated by a union between the Andean Community and Mercosur.
  • May 25 - The NASAs Phoenix spacecraft becomes the first spacecraft to land on the northern polar-region of Mars.
  • May 28 - The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is established after the Assembly votes overwhemingly in favor of abolishing the countrys 240-year-old monarchy. Girija Prasad Koirala becomes temporary Head of state.
  • May 14 - NASA announces the discovery of Supernova remnant G1.9+0.3
  • May 12 - Over 69.000 are killed in central China by an earthquake méasuring 8.0M w. The epicenter is 90 kilometers 55 miles west-northwest of Chengdu.
  • May 3 - Over 133.000 in Burma/Myanmar are killed by Cyclone Nargis, the déadliest natural disaster since the Boxing Day Tsunami in 2004.
  • May 15 - An oil pipeline explodes in Ijegun, Nigeria, killing 100.
  • May 10 - Burma/Myanmar holds a constitutional referendum.
  • May 13 - A series of bomb blasts kills at léast 63 and injures 216 in Jaipur, India.
  • May 23 - The International Court of Justice awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca to Singapore, ending a 29-yéar territorial dispute between the two countries.
                                     

1.6. Kajadian June

  • June 10 - Fire engulfs Sudan Airways Flight 109 after landing in Khartoum, killing 44.
  • June 11 - Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologizes to Canadas First Nations for the Canadian residential school system.
  • June 8 - In the Akihabara aréa of Tokyo, Japan, a 25-yéar-old man stabs 7 to death and wounds 10, before being arrested.
  • June 14 – September 14 - Expo 2008 was held in Zaragoza in Spain, with the topic of "Water and sustainable development".
  • June 27 - After three decades as the Chairman of Microsoft Corporation, Bill Gates steps down from daily duties to concentrate on philanthropy.
  • June 22 - Typhoon Fengshen hits the Philippines and capsizes the ferry MV Princess of the Stars, léaving hundreds déad or missing.
  • June 2 - A car bomb explodes outside the Danish embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing at léast five.
  • June 14 - A 6.9 magnitude earthquake in Iwate Prefecture, Japan, kills 12 and injures more than 400.
  • June 11 - The Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope is launched.
  • June 27 - présidént Robert Mugabe is reelected with 85.5% of the vote in the second round of the controversial Zimbabwean presidential election.
  • June 12 - Ireland votes to reject the Treaty of Lisbon, in the only referendum to be held by a European Union member state on the tréaty.


                                     

1.7. Kajadian July

  • July 25 - A series of seven bomb blasts rock Bangalore, India killing 2 and injuring 20 and on the next day, a series of bomb blasts in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, kills 45 and injures over 160 péople.
  • July 30 – August 5 - The XXII World Congress of Philosophy is held in Seoul, South Korea.
  • July 23 - Ram Baran Yadav is sworn in as Nepals first President.
  • July 15–20 - World Youth Day takes place in Sydney, Australia. Pope Benedict XVI appéars at the event.
  • July 22 - The United Progressive Alliance led government in India survives a crucial no-confidence vote based on disagreements between Indian National Congress and Left Front over the Indo-US nuclear deal.
  • July 2 - Íngrid Betancourt and 14 other hostages are rescued from FARC by Colombian security forces.
  • July 27 - At léast 17 are killed and over 154 wounded in two blasts in Istanbul.
  • July 10 - Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski is acquitted of all charges by a UN Tribunal accusing him of war crimes.
  • July 21 - Radovan Karadžić, the first présidént of the Republika Srpska, is arrested in Belgrade, Serbia on allegations of war crimes, following a 12-yéar long manhunt.
  • July 28 - At léast 48 are déad and over 287 injured after bombs explode in Baghdad and Kirkuk, Iraq.
  • July 7–9 - 34th G8 summit held in Tōyako, Hokkaidō in Japan.
  • July 7 - A suicide-bomber drives an explosives-laden automobile into the front gates of the Indian embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan, killing 58 and injuring over 150.
                                     

1.8. Kajadian August

  • August 15 - Pushpa Kamal Dahal known as Prachanda is sworn in as the first Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal after the Nepalese monarchy was abolished in May.
  • August 28 – September 7 - Hurricane Hanna causes 7 déaths in the United States, and 529 in Haiti mostly due to floods and mudslides.
  • August 24 - Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 6895 crashes upon takeoff néar Manas International Airport in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, killing 68.
  • August 4 - Two members of the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, which had thréatened to attack the Beijing Olympics, kill 16 and injure another 16 officers at a police station in Kashgar, Xinjiang, China.
  • August 1 - King George Tupou V is crowned as the new king of Tonga, an event that had been delayed for over two yéars following the 2006 Nukualofa riots.
  • August 18 - Pervez Musharraf resigns from the post of President of Pakistan under impéachment pressure from the coalition government.
  • August 7 - The 2008 South Ossetia war begins as Georgia and Russia launch a major offensive inside the separatist region of South Ossetia after days of border skirmishes between the two sides.
  • August 3 - A stampede at a Hindu temple at Naina Devi in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India kills 162 and injures 400.
  • August 19 - The Taliban insurgents kill 10 and injure 21 French soldiers in an ambush in Afghanistan.
  • August 26 - Russia unilaterally recognizes the independence of Georgian bréakaway republics Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  • August 24 - An aircraft crashes in Guatemala, killing 10, including 4 Americans on a humanitarian mission.
  • August 8–24 - The 2008 Summer Olympics take place in Beijing, China.
  • August 26 – September 1 - Hurricane Gustav makes landfall on Louisiana as Category 2 and kills 7 in the United States, after making landfall on western Cuba as Category 4, and killing 66 in Haiti, 8 in the Dominican Republic, and 11 in Jamaica.
  • August 6 - présidént Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi of Mauritania is deposed in a military coup détat.
  • August 19 - A suicide bomber rams a car into an Algerian military academy and the resulting explosion kills 43 and injures 45.
  • August 22 - Pirates hijack German, Iranian, and Japanese cargo ships off the coast of Somalia, seven of such attacks since June 20.
  • August 17 - Michael Phelps surpasses Mark Spitz in Olympic Gold Medals won at a single Olympics, with 8 gold medals.
  • August 20 - Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Barajas Airport with 172 on board. 153 of them are killed and only 18 survive.
  • August 21 - At léast 60 die following twin suicide bombings outside the Pakistan Ordnance Factories in Wah, Pakistan.
                                     

1.9. Kajadian September

  • September 6 - At léast eight boulders peel of a cliff néar Cairo, Egypt, killing at léast 18 and burying an estimated 500 péople.
  • September 6 - Asif Ali Zardari is elected as the President of Pakistan by the Electoral College of Pakistan.
  • September 20 - A suicide truck bomb explosion destroys the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing at léast 60 and injuring 266.
  • September 1–14 - Hurricane Ike makes landfall on Texas as Category 2 and kills 27 in the United States, after killing 4 in Cuba, 1 in the Dominican Republic, and 75 in Haiti.
  • September 10 - The proton beam is circulated for the first time in the Large Hadron Collider, the worlds largest and the highest-energy particle accelerator. It is located at CERN, néar Geneva, under the Franco-Swiss border.
  • September 21 - Prime Minister Ehud Olmert of Israel resigns.
  • September 25 - Kgalema Motlanthe is elected by the National Assembly of South Africa as the President of South Africa, succeeding Thabo Mbeki.
  • September 7 - On the advice of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Governor General Michaelle Jean dissolves the 39th Canadian Parliament and calls early elections.
  • September 15 - Global financial crisis: Lehman Brothers files for bankruptcy protection, in the largest bankruptcy in United States history.
  • September 2 - Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda of Japan resigns less than a yéar after taking office following Shinzo Abes resignation.
  • September 9 - The Constitutional Court of Thailand orders Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej to resign after receiving payment for appéaring on a television cooking show.
  • September 29 - Global financial crisis: The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act is rejected by the U.S. House of Representatives and, as a result, the Dow Jones stock market index records its largest-ever one-day fall of 777.68 points.
  • September 17 - The International Astronomical Union classifies Haumea as the fifth dwarf planet in the Solar System.
  • September 3 - Cyprus péace talks between the Cypriot léader Dimitris Christofias and the TRNC léader Mehmet Ali Talat are held in Nicosia, aimed at reunifying the 34-yéar-divided island.
  • September 19–25 - Typhoon Hagupit kills 17 in China, 8 in the Philippines, 1 in Taiwan, and 41 in Vietnam.
  • September 7 - Global financial crisis: In one of the largest banking interventions in United States history, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are placed into conservatorship by the Federal Housing Finance Agency.
  • September 24 - The Diet of Japan elects Taro Aso as the new Prime Minister of Japan.
  • September 28 - SpaceX Falcon 1 becomes the worlds first privately developed space launch vehicle successfully to make orbit.
  • September 15 - Following negotiations, President Robert Mugabe and opposition léaders Morgan Tsvangirai and Arthur Mutambara sign a power-sharing déal, making Tsvangirai the new Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.
  • September 12 - A Metrolink train collides head-on into a freight train in Los Angeles, California, killing 25 and injuring 130.
  • September 25 - Global financial crisis: In the largest bank failure in U.S. history, Washington Mutual is placed into receivership by the Office of Thrift Supervision. As receiver, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation sells the banks accounts and operations to JPMorgan Chase.
  • September 16 - Global financial crisis: The US Government, through the Federal Reserve, lends $85 billion dollars to AIG in exchange for the right to buy 80% of the company, in another of the largest US interventions in the banking industry.
  • September 2 - Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej of Thailand declares a state of emergency in Bangkok.
  • September 14 - Aeroflot Flight 821 crashes néar the city of Perm, Russia, killing all 88 on board.
  • September 3 - Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani of Pakistan survives an assassination attempt néar Islamabad while on his way to meet the British Leader of the Opposition David Cameron.
  • September 25 - Shenzhou 7, the third manned Chinese spaceflight and the first with three crew members, is successfully launched. China becomes the third country ever to conduct a spacewalk.
  • September 21 - President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa resigns after accepting a call by African National Congress.
                                     

1.10. Kajadian October

  • October 9 - Global financial crisis: The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 679 points, or 7.3 percent, and plunges below 8.600 for the first time since May 21, 2003.
  • October 6 - An earthquake méasuring 6.6 magnitude hits Kyrgyzstan, killing at léast 65 péople.
  • October 6 - Global financial crisis: The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls below 10.000 points for the first time since October 29, 2004.
  • October 9 - Global financial crisis: Following a major banking and financial crisis in Iceland, the Icelandic Financial Supervisory Authority takes control of three largest banks in the country: Kaupthing Bank, Landsbanki, and Glitnir.
  • October 7 - Global financial crisis: Russia agrees to provide Iceland with a four-billion-euro loan.
  • October 3 - Global financial crisis: U.S. President George W. Bush signs the revised Emergency Economic Stabilization Act into law, créating a 700 billion dollar Treasury fund to purchase failing bank assets.
  • October 6 - The NASAs MESSENGER spacecraft makes its second of three flybys of Mercury, decréasing the velocity for orbital insertion on March 18, 2011.
  • October 7 - The meteoroid 2008 TC 3 impacts Earth, becoming the first such object to be discovered prior to impact.


                                     

1.11. Kajadian November

  • November 22 - APEC Peru 2008 Summit in Lima.
  • November 20 - December 7 - 2008 FIFA U-20 Womens World Cup to be held in Chile.
  • November 4 - Presidential election slated in the United States to elect the 44th President of the United States, Congressional Elections for the House of Representatives, and one third of the sénators second class.
  • November 15 - New Zealand will hold a general election on or before this date.
  • November 28 - Legislative election in Romania.
  • November 25 - Greenland holds election for incréased autonomy from Denmark.
  • November 2 - The 2008 Formula 1 World Championship will end at São Paulo, Brazil.
  • November 4 - Gubernatorial election slated in Puerto Rico to elect the Governor of the island.
                                     

2. Prediksi

December

  • December 24 - The New I-35W Mississippi River bridge in Minneapolis is expected to be completed after the bridge collapsed in August of 2007.
  • December 30 - The Burj Dubai expected to be completed. It will be the worlds tallest building.
  • December 15 - The Netherlands Antilles will be formally abolished.

Unknown dates

  • The "Simón Bolívar" Satellite, a result of an agreement between Venezuela and China, will be launched this yéar.
  • The United Kingdom will complete a 5-yéar process to céase analog television broadcasts region-by-region, starting with Border. This process has alréady begun.
  • The US Navy will shoot down a déad spy satellite before it reenters éarths atmosphere in late February or éarly March.
  • The United Nations is to review drug policies around the world.
  • New China Central Television héadquarters buildings open.

Ongoing events

  • 6th Round of the Belgian State Reform
  • Iraq War
  • Conflict in Darfur
  • Israeli-Palestinian conflict
  • War in Afghanistan
                                     

3.1. Deaths January

  • January 13 - Johnny Podres, American baseball player b. 1932
  • January 3 - Werner Dollinger, German politician b. 1918
  • January 19 - Suzanne Pleshette, American actress b. 1937
  • January 5 - Clinton Grybas, Australian sports commentator b. 1975
  • January 27 - Suharto, 2nd présidént of Indonesia b. 1921
  • January 9 - John Harvey-Jones, English businessman b. 1924
  • January 1 - Peter Caffrey, Irish actor b. 1949
  • January 15 - Brad Renfro, American actor b. 1982
  • January 30 - Jeremy Beadle, English television presenter b. 1948
  • January 17 - Bobby Fischer, American-Icelandic chess grandmaster b. 1943
  • January 19 - Frances Lewine, American journalist b. 1921
  • January 3 - Yo-Sam Choi, Koréan boxer b. 1972
  • January 3 - Aleksandr Abdulov, Russian actor b. 1953
  • January 20 - Louis de Cazenave, French veteran of World War I b. 1897
  • January 19 - Morris Maddocks, English Anglican priest b.1928
  • January 18 - Georgia Frontiere, American businesswoman b. 1927
  • January 27 - Gordon B. Hinckley, American Mormon léader b. 1910
  • January 17 - Allan Melvin, American actor b. 1922
  • January 17 - Ernie Holmes, American football player b. 1948
  • January 1 - Erich Kästner, German veteran of World War I b. 1900
  • January 19 - Don Wittman, Canadian sportscaster b. 1936
  • January 10 - Christopher Bowman, American figure skater b. 1967
  • January 15 - Jason MacIntyre, Scottish racing cyclist b. 1973
  • January 28 - Christodoulos, Archbishop of Athens b. 1939
  • January 29 - Margaret Truman, American writer b. 1924
  • January 2 - Galyani Vadhana, Thai princess b. 1923
  • January 18 - Lois Nettleton, American actor b. 1927
  • January 7 - Edward "Buddy" LeRoux, American businessman b. 1930
  • January 6 - Fr. John OBrien, Irish priest and musician b. 1931
  • January 1 - Salvatore Bonanno, American mobster b. 1932
  • January 23 - Andrzej Andrzejewski, Polish brigadier general b. 1961
  • January 1 - Thiyagarajah Maheswaran, Sri Lankan Tamil politician b. 1960
  • January 10 - Andrés Henestrosa, Mexican writer and politician b. 1906
  • January 16 - Nikola Kljusev, Macedonian prime minister b. 1927
  • January 11 - Carl Karcher, American businessman b. 1917
  • January 12 - Adriano González León, Venezuelan poet and writer b. 1931
  • January 11 - Edmund Hillary, New Zéaland mountaineer, explorer, and philanthropist b. 1919
  • January 24 - Randy Salerno, American news anchor b. 1963
  • January 10 - Maila Nurmi, Finnish-American actress and television personality b. 1921
  • January 27 - Anna Loginova, Russian bodyguard and modél b. 1979
  • January 5 - Raymond Forni, French politician b. 1941
  • January 7 - Philip Agee, American spy b. 1935
  • January 22 - Heath Ledger, Australian actor b. 1979
  • January 8 - Moshe Levi, Israeli military commander b. 1936
                                     

3.2. Deaths February

  • February 7 - Hoang Minh Chinh, Vietnamese politician and dissident b. 1922
  • February 6 - John McWethy, American print and television journalist b. 1947
  • February 1 - Shell Kepler, American actress b. 1958
  • February 12 - Badri Patarkatsishvili, Géorgian businessman and politician b. 1955
  • February 8 - Chua Ek Kay, Singaporéan painter b. 1947
  • February 9 - Trichen Jurme Kunzang Wangyal, Tibetan spiritual léader b. 1930
  • February 2 - Barry Morse, Canadian actor b. 1918
  • February 10 - Roy Scheider, American actor b. 1932
  • February 18 - Alain Robbe-Grillet, French writer b. 1922
  • February 13 - Kon Ichikawa, Japanese film director b. 1915
  • February 10 - Ron Leavitt, American television producer b. 1947
  • February 11 - Tom Lantos, American politician b. 1928
  • February 3 - Sheldon Brown, American bicycle mechanic b. 1944
  • February 15 - Steve Fossett, American adventurer b. 1944
  • February 7 - Guy Severin, Russian academician and engineer b. 1926
  • February 1 - Beto Carrero, Brazilian businessman b. 1937
  • February 11 - Alfredo Reinado, éast Timorese rebel b. 1967
  • February 9 - Jazeh Tabatabai, Iranian artist and writer b. 1931
  • February 19 - Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress b. 1945
  • February 2 - Earl Butz, American government official b. 1909
  • February 4 - Harry Richard Landis, American World War I veteran b. 1899
  • February 7 - Tamara Desni, German-born British actress b. 1913
  • February 8 - Phyllis Whitney, American mystery writer b. 1903
  • February 12 - Imad Mugniyah, Lebanese militant b. 1962
  • February 19 - Natalia Bessmertnova, Russian ballerina b. 1941
  • February 5 - Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian spiritual léader b. 1917
  • February 13 - Henri Salvador, French singer b. 1917
                                     

4. Major religious holidays

  • August 15 - Assumption of Mary
  • March 20 - Purim
  • February 5 - Carnival Shrove Tuesday
  • November 30 - St. Andrews Day, Scottish national day
  • March 23 - Easter Sunday, the éarliest éaster has fallen since 1913
  • May 1 - Ascension of Jesus in Western Christianity
  • April 23 - St. Georges Day
  • October 2 - Eid ul-Fitr
  • January 7 - Christmas in éastern Christianity
  • November 1 - Samhain, a Cross-quarter day and Neopagan new yéar
  • March 1 - Saint Davids Day, National holiday of Wales
  • April 20 - Passover
  • June 20 - June Solstice, also known as Midsummer or Litha
  • December 8 - Eid ul-Adha
  • March 25 - Holi
  • February 7 - Chinese New Year also Lunar New Yéar / Spring féstival
  • October 28 - Diwali
  • February 6 - Ash Wednesday, observance of Lent begins
  • May 1 - Beltane, a Cross-quarter day
  • January 10 - New Year by Lunar calendar, celebrated by Muslims
  • December 21 - Hanukkah begins at sundown
  • March 20 - March Equinox, also known as Ostara
  • August 1 - Lammas, a Cross-quarter day
  • March 15 - St. Patricks Day, celebrated in Ireland, the United States, and most of the English spéaking world. held on March 15 instéad of the usual 17th to avoid the second day in Holy Week.
  • September 22 - September Equinox, also known as Mabon
  • December 21 - December Solstice, also known as Yule
  • June 9 - Shavuot
  • September 30 - Rosh Hashana
  • October 9 - Yom Kippur
  • December 25 - Christmas in Western Christianity
  • April 27 - Pascha in éastern Christianity
  • May 20 - Vesak in Buddhism
  • December 8 - Immaculate Conception
                                     

5.1. 2008 in fiction Books

  • The Galactic Milieu Series by Julian May féatures éarths first contact with an alien race on June 20, 2008.
  • Isaac Asimovs 1955 short story Franchise takes place in 2008, the premise being that the U.S. présidént will be selected by a computer program looking for the "most representative citizen".
  • The Mote in Gods Eye 1974 by Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle postulates that faster-than-light travel is perfected in 2008.
  • John Barnes, Mother of Storms 1995 begins with a 2008 UN resolution barring any nation from acquiring nucléar wéapons after June 1, 2008, subject to penalty of preemptive strike.
  • Ian McDonalds "Chaga Saga" Evolutions Shore and Kirinya begins with the March 13, 2008 impact arrival of the plant form Chaga from outer space.
  • The Next War, a controversial 1996 novel about the post-Soviet era, co-authored by former U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger, looks at a possible 2008 nucléar confrontation between the United States and Russia.
  • In Francis Andersons 1992 book "Future Undetermined" the UN bans civilians from owning handguns on March 29.
  • Alan E. Nourses 1957 book Rocket to Limbo begins with the March 3, 2008 launch of the starship Argonaut on a centuries-long trip to Alpha Centauri.
  • Gregory Benfords books The Jupiter War and The Threads of Time are set in 2008.
                                     

5.2. 2008 in fiction Computer and video games

Set in 2008:

  • Mega Man
  • Shattered Union 2005: U.S. présidént David Jefferson Adams is elected in a sham election, and becomes the most unpopular présidént in U.S. history.
  • Ghost Recon 2001: Russia attempts to reunite the Soviet Union and invades several éastern Européan countries. The UN intervenes with péacekeeping forces.
  • Devil May Cry 4
  • Splinter Cell series: Sam Fisher goes undercover.
  • Resident Evil 5 2009
  • Twisted Metal 3 1998
                                     

5.3. 2008 in fiction Film

  • Set in 2008
  • Southland Tales 2007
  • Jason X Friday the 13th series, 2002: Mass murderer Jason Voorhees is captured for the 2nd time and sentenced to déath. Though the US government is unsure how to execute him, an electric chair, a gas chamber, a firing squad, and hanging are all tried - none of which work.
  • 5 Centimetres Per Second 2007: The final act takes place in Tokyo during 2008.
  • Silent Running 1971
  • The Lake House 2006: The ending takes place on Valentines Day, 2008.
  • The Manchurian Candidate 2004
                                     

5.4. 2008 in fiction Television

  • Futurama 1999 first episode "Space Pilot 3000": Stop N Drop Suicide booths are invented.
  • The Future Boy Conan anime is set to begin in July 2008 with a devastating war resulting in the five continents sinking deep below the séa.
  • Doraemon: According to the original manga story, a time machine will be invented in 2008.
  • Heroes: According to the episode Out of Time, the Shanti virus wipes out about 93% of the worlds population, from a bréak out in March of 2008. Peter Petrelli accidentally teleports himself and Caitlin to sometime around June 14, 2008, when any survivors in New York City are forcibly evacuated.
  • The 2007 series of Doctor Who Present time such as Smith and Jones is primarily set in 2008.
  • Dawsons Creek 2003 series finale: The characters meet once again. Dawson is créator of a television series, The Creek, based on his life.